Dipartimento d'Ingegneria

Engineering design and metallurgy - Progettazione industriale, costruzioni meccaniche e metallurgia

The research interests of the group include all tools and methods related to any stage of product design and manufacturing.
At present the activity is mainly focussed on the following areas: machine design; system dynamics; structural mechanics; computer-aided engineering (including finite elements analysis, computational fluid dynamics and multi-body simulation); fatigue mechanics; random loads fatigue; comfort evaluation; motion sickness analysis; product design; design tools and method in Engineering; engineering drawing; computer-aided design; design for life-cycle; tolerance analysis; machine vision and machine learning for industrial applications.

Machine vision in the papermaking industry

In Research ,
Written by Tuesday, 04 March 2014 16:02
We studied a sequential, two-step procedure based on machine vision for detecting and characterizing impurities in paper. The method is based on a preliminary classification step to differentiate defective paper patches (i.e.: with impurities) from non-defective ones (i.e.: with no impurities), followed by a thresholding step to separate the impurities from the background. This approach permits to avoid the artifacts that occurs when thresholding is applied to paper samples that contain no impurities. We discuss and compare different solutions and methods to implement the procedure and experimentally validate it on a datasets of 11 paper classes. The results show that a marked increase in detection accuracy can be obtained with the two-step procedure in comparison with thresholding alone.

F. Bianconi, L. Ceccarelli, A. Fernández and S. A. Saetta, "A sequential machine vision procedure for assessing paper impurities", Computers in Industry, 65(2):325-332, 2014

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